Saturday, February 5, 2011


Group A
Unit 1 (i) Place of Work Experience in General Education as envisaged by the
Education Commission 1964-66
(ii) Concept of Socially Useful Productive Work as designed by I.B. Patel
Unit 2 (i) Purpose of Work Education as an Activity-approach in the curriculum
of Secondary Education in West Bengal.
(ii) Difference of Work Education with Vocational Education –
Pre-vocational experience.
Unit 3 Bases of Work Education-philosophical, psychological and sociological. The
‘Four Pillars’ of educational foundation as determined by UNESCO’s
International Commission on Education Chaired by Jacques Defors (1996).
Learning to know, to do to live together and to be – Work Education
integrates all these four pillars.
Unit 4 Behavioral changes expected out of the Programme of Work Education –
development of attitude, acquisition of skill and gaining of knowledge.
Unit 5 (i) A general idea of the syllabus in Work Education prescribed for West
Bengal, with a good grounding in the projects included in the
syllabus at (a) the Exposure Stage and (b) the Involvement Stage.
(ii) Scope for change in existing syllabus.
Unit 6 Project method applied in teaching Work Education – how to integrate
Discussion Method, Demonstration Method and Socialised Recitation with
Project method.
Unit 7 How are work projects related with other curricular subjects - need for
involvement of the Headmaster, other subject teachers and parents.
Unit 8 Edgar Dale’s Cone of Experience – improvised low-cost teaching aidsapplication
of other media in implementing projects.
Unit 9 (i) Consideration for selecting work project in (a) urban school and (b)
moffusil school
(ii) Occupational exploration and field-study
(iii) Utilisation of human and material resources
(iv) Difficulties, if any, faced by schools in implementing work projects –
suggestions for overcoming those difficulties.
Unit 10 (i) Assessment of procedure in Work Education – tools for
evaluation-present system.
(ii) Suggestions for improvement in evaluation process – feasibility or not
of introducing a short written test ( of, say, 20 marks)in lieu of
viva-voce, of the Final Madhyamik Pariksha.
Group B
Process of growing/preparation, materials and equipments required etc. for
work-projects as well as usefulness of the products, work-areas to be
convered are as follows:
Unit 11 Cereals (Paddy, Wheat) & Cash crop (Jute)
Varieties – preparation of seedbed – sowing, drilling and transplantation –
organic manure and compost making- chemical fertilizer-inter culture –
irrigation and water requirements – pest and weed control – harvesting.
Making of food products from cereals.
Unit 12 Growing Vegetables and simple Medicinal Plants
Soil fertility – major, secondary and micro-nutrients-organic manure and
chemical fertilizers – tillage of seeded –manuring-sowing and
transplantation – inter culture – irrigation and water requirements –
disease and pest control – harvesting. Preservation of vegetables. Process
of growing medicinal plants. Use of medicinal plants in our daily life.
Unit 13 Flower and Fruit Plantation & Preservation
Different kinds of seasonal flowers – planning of an ideal garden – soil
preparation – compost making – planting, mulching, pruning and training
methods of propagation – weeding. Pot culture. Use of flower and scope of
marketing. Preparing & garden for fruit cultivation - preparation of jam,
Jelly and pickle – food processing, preservation, and packaging.
Unit 14 Tailoring & Embroidery
Drafting and pattern making, cutting and construction, Cutting and
finishing or underpant, pyjama, salwar, petticoat, blouse, kameez, shirt,
trouser. Embroidery on garments --- different stitches and application,
appliqué, mirror work etc.
Unit 15 Paper & Cardboard work and Making of Household Articles
Materials and techniques of paper-cutting, office file, greetings cards.
Book-binding: Jus stitch-Limp binding – Flash cut binding – conver
wrapping binding. Household articles made from jute or bamboo;
preparation of fashion goods by cloth, clay, paper or cardboard; making
flower and flower-vase using plasticine; making photo-frame with waste
materials; wearing of bag and making of dolls by cloth and cotton.
Unit 16 Designing, Dyeing and Batik Printing
Basic design and technique. Simple dyeing. Tie and dye and Batic
Unit 17 Fabric Plainting and Screen Printing
Basic designing – colour application – spray printing – stenciling. Silk
Screen printing – material and techniques.
Unit 18 Soap and Phenyl making
Varieties of soap: hard and soft – consistency of soap – raw material: oils
and fats, fatty acid, resin, caustic soda – determination of hardness through
soap stock – saponification solubility ratio. Various methods of
manufacture: (a) cold process (b) semi-boiled process (c) full-boiled process
preparation of soft soap and phenyle
Unit 19 Household Electrical Gadgets Repairing
Verification of Ohm’s Law – wires used in internal wiring – method of
earthing –fitting of C.T.S. Wiring in residence – determination of fusing
constant by test –conducting routine tests on the wiring insulation –
location of fault – dismantling and study of parts with sketches of electrical
fan, fluorescent lamp, heater, electrical iron, calling bell etc. – how to
convert from AC to DC and vice-versa.
Unit 20 Computer Application
(a) Computer Fundamentals : Computer Generations, Block diagram
of a Computer and brief description of each functional block, Input
and Output devices (Keyboard, Mouse, VDU), CPU (ALU and
Control Unit), Primary memory, CACHE Memory, concept of
Hardware and Software, Language translators, Programming
Languages, concept of Operating System, Familiarity with
Operating System environment through GUI.
(b) Word Processing: Creating, Editing, Formatting, Saving and
Retrieving documents, checking spelling and Grammar, Finding
and replacing text, creating multiple columns, inserting graphics
within text, equation editor and its use, Protection using password,
creating macro, Mail Merge, Printing of documents.
(c) Spreadsheet: Creating, Edition, Saving and retrieving documents,
creating and modifying tables, creating and generating charts using
data sheet, working with equations and excel library function, Pivot
table, use of hyperlink and macro in excel spread sheet, use of filter
(d) Computer Networking: Concept about network, Network
structures, LAN, MAN, WAN, Internet, broadband connection,
e-mail, chatting, w.w.w. , U.R.L., D.N.S., Search engines.
(e) Presentation Package: Creation of a lesson unit through
presentation package.


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