Saturday, February 5, 2011


A. Geo-Tectonics:
Earth’s Crust (Composition and Layering); Rocks (Origin, Types and
Characteristics); Folds and Faults (Types and Landforms); Mountain Building
and Plate Tectonics, Continental Drift. Isostasy, Earthquakes (Causes and
Effects) and Volcanoes.
B. Geomorphology:
Lithology and Landform; Weathering; Mass Wasting; Evolution of Slope;
Hydrological Cycle; Run-off, Landform and Process (Fluvial, Glacial, Wind, Karst
and Marine); Cyclic and Non-Cyclic concepts; Landscape Evolution, Geomorphic
C. Geographical Thoughts:
Approaches to Geographical Studies (Deterministic, Possibilistic, Quantitative
Revolution, Welfare, Societal, Behavioral, Radical Schools, Functional,
Structural, Materialistic, Ecological, Regional and Systematic); Concept of Space
(Points, Distances, Interactions, Organization, Regions), Emergence of welfare
D. Climatology:
Composition of the Atmosphere; Global Warming and possible consequences;
Green House Effect, Elements and Factors of Climate; Insolation, Heat Belts;
Pressure Belts; Planetary Wind System; Jet Stream; Humidity and precipitation;
Cyclones and Anticyclones; Air mass; Monsoon; Thunderstorms; Climatic
hazards, Climatic Classification --- Koppen’s and Thornthwait’s schemes.
E. Biogeography:
Soils (Factors and Processes of Formation, Soil Profiles, Physical and Chemical
Properties); World Soil Groups (Zonal, Azonal and Intra-Zonal0; Soil Erosion and
Conservation; Plants (Factors of Plant Growth, Major Types of Natural
Vegetation and Environmental Relations); Forest Conservation, Social forestry,
Biodiversity, Animal Communities.
F. Environmental Geography:
Ecosystem (Principles and Components, Energy Flow, Food Chain, Food Web
and Bio-geochemical Cycles); Biomes (Concepts, Types and Ecological
Adaptation); Environmental Degradation and Hazards, Management and
Conservation; Meaning of Natural Environment; Man-Environment
Relationship; Natural Regions and Environmental Adaptation of Human Life;
Economy and Society.
G. Economic Geography:
Resources (Concept and Theories, Creating Factors and Processes, Classification,
Utilization-processes, technology and environment quality); Economic Resources
(Classification and Significance); Forms of Economy; Activity Components of
Resource Utilization (Lumbering, Dairy Farming, Fishing, Mining, Power
Generation; Agriculture and Industry), Models of Economic System; Theories of
Location of Economic Activity, Ranking of World Economics, WTO and
International trade, Economic disparity and social inequality; Sustainable
development and impact of globalization.
H. Human Geography:
Population (Growth, Distribution, Age-Sex Composition, Occupational Resource;
Characteristics of World’s Human Resource; Theories of population growth,
population growth, food security, unemployment, work participation, gender
issues, social well being.
I. Regional Geography of India:
Relief; Drainage; Climate; Soil; Forest Resources; Mineral Resources, Power
Resources; Irrigation; Agriculture, Industry; Population: Trade and Commerce,
Transport, Basis of Regional Divisions of India (Physical and Economic),
Concept, nature, type, scale and dimensions.
J. Cartographic Techniques:
Scale; Techniques of Data Representation; Map-Classification and
Interpretation, Thematic Mapping, Principles and Methods of Projection,
Elementary Surveying and Levelling (Principles and Methods with Chain,
Compass, Dumpy Level and Theodolite); Common Statistical Techniques for
Geographical Data Analysis, Aeria Photo and Satellite Imagery interpretation;
Remote Sensing and GIS.


Post a Comment