Saturday, February 5, 2011


I. Feature of the Indus Valley Civilization –decline of the Indus Civilization – the Vedic
Civilization – Sodas’a Mahajanapadas – Buddhism and Jainism - The rise and fall of
the Maura Empire: Asoka’s Dhamma – Imperial Guptas – Palas and Senas of Bengal.
II. The establishment of the Delhi Sultanate – The Slave dynasty – the Khilji and
Tughluq Rulers – The Khilji Revolution - The administrative structure under the
Sultanate including provincial government – The problem of theocracy - the
Vijayanagar Empire.
III. Disintegration of the Sultanate – Babar – the importance of his invasion of India –
Mughal – Afghan contest and Sher Shah Suri – Consolidation of the Mughal empire
under Akbar – Territorial expansion under Akbar – Manasabdari System – Religious
IV. An overview of the reigns of Jahangir and Shahjahan – Aurangzeb’s expansionist
policies – conflict with the Marathas – Shivaji – The character of the Maratha
Swarajya – Aurangzeb and the disintegration of the Mughal empire – The growth of
regional powers, Bengal, Awadh, Hyderabad and the crisis of the empire in the early
eighteenth century.
V. Causes of the conflict between Siraj-ud-daula and the East India Company – Mir
Kasim, private trade and the English East India Compay – Brief Overview of British
expansion - the Colonial Economy : Land revenue settlements – Drain of Wealth –
Deindustrialization – Limited development of modern industries.
VI. Early resistance to British rule – Paik, Chur & Poligar rebellions – Wahabi and Farazi
movements – Santal Rebellion – The revolt of 1857; context and nature, Western
Education and Social reform – Rammohan Ray, Young Bengal & Vidyasagar - Brahmo
Samaj and prarthana Samaj – Aligarh Movement: Early stages of Indian nationalism
– pre-Congress associations – foundation of the Congress – the nature of the early
VII The rise of Extremism in Indian Policies – Anti-parition and Swadeshi movement –
separate electorate and the British divide and rule policy: Gandhi and Indian
nationalism – Non-Co-operation, Civil Disobedience, Quit India Movement: Muslim
League and the demand for Pakistan – Partition and Independenc.
VIII. The French Revolution of 1789 – Social context of the Revolution of Popular movement
– the Reign of Terror: Robespierre – the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte – Napoleon’s
internal reconstruction – Napolean and Europe: Expansion and collapse of the
Napoleonic empire.
IX. The Vienna Congress (1815) – The Metternich System – The Revolutions of 1830 –
1848 – the new political ideologies : Nationalism, Liberalism and Socialism – the
unification of Germany and Italy – Industrialization in England and Europe.
X. European imperialism : Economic forces behind European Imperialism of the late 19th
Century – colonialism and the Scramble for Africa –Germany’s Welt Politik – Triple
Alliance and Triple Entente – the origins of the First World War Peace settlement of
1919 – The Russian Revolution – Weimar Republic and the rise of Nazism in Germany
– Fascism in Italy – Origins of the Second World War.


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